Black Pepper (Piper nigrum)
Pepper is known as the "King of spices" is one of the earliest spices known to man. It is the most widely used spice all over the world. It has extensive culinary uses for flavouring and Preserving processed foods and is important medicinally. Pepper is a perennial evergreen climbing vine. In Sri Lanka, pepper is cultivated mainly in the Districts of Matale, Kandy & Kegalle which is the central highland of the country. Pepper is cultivated in mixed cropping with other spices, tea, and coconut or with fruits.
In Sri Lanka; pepper flowers twice a year during the main monsoon rains and there are two types of commercial pepper products are produced.
English : Black pepper
French : poivre
German : Pfeffer
Italian : pepe nero
Spanish : pimienta negra
Arabic : filfil
Sinhalese : Kalu Gammiris
Black pepper seeds/ Whole, White pepper seeds/Whole, Ground Black pepper /Black pepper powder, Ground White pepper /White pepper powde
Black pepper is produced from the green matured unripe berries. The berries are dipped in hot water, both to clean them and to prepare them for drying. The berries are dried in the sun or by machine for several days, during which the pepper around the seed shrinks and darkens into a thin, wrinkled black layer. Once dried, the spice is called black pepper.